Thursday, May 9, 2013

Session 8 Notes: Motivation and Persistence

Motivation is probably my favorite topic especially as so much of the conventional wisdom is not supported by empirical research. In order to be an effective classroom teacher, one must really understand motivation and aim to increase intrinsic motivation. Every act should be done with purpose and long term ramifications should be considered when assigning short-term motivators. As I am so passionate about motivation, this week's session is a real treat. As always, I have included my notes and I encourage you to watch the video.


Mitch Resnick

Motivation when designing new technologies
-on many websites there are ways to earn points, badges, or other things, but worried that people are more worried about picking up things than the experience

No matter how you design some people will always view as competition, want to be seen as better than others
-important to show recognition, but more important for people to hone competency and identity

Natalie Rusk

People’s motivation stories in Google+ community
-how overcoming fear is big part
-willing to take risks

Points of Frustration
    -does this lead to avoidance or problem solving?
-if goal is performance based, as in the proving self, then you will avoid because it is based on ability and you don’t want to fail
-if based on learning goals you are more willing to persist

Sources of Intrinsic Motivation

How to encourage motivation in new activity?
-showing successful models, sharing passion, sharing engagement

-some time for introverts, some time for extroverts

-allow time for collaboration, allow time for recognition
-present on occasion, sometimes show gradual work

Avi Kaplan (Temple)

Goals/purpose very important
-quick, efficient, repetitive task require one type of motivational strategy 
-bells/whistle and carrots/sticks are meant for situational interest, short term

-broader, long-term and cognizant developmental outcomes requires another type of motivational strategy
-relational thinking and long-term engagement does not work with carrot/stick framework

-autonomy is not individualism, it is self-endorsement
-reasons for self-endorsement can be many (purpose, sense of belonging, engaging, etc)

-great strategy for encouraging self-determination is simply explaining to another why you want them to do something

How to encourage motivation in new activity?
-Motivation is not one thing, it is a complex system that is always changing
-Beginner’s motivation is different than expert’s
-Initial motivation to spark situational interest and then broaden principals
-Use principals to learn about your context, your situation, always redesigning
-Analyze tensions in your environment

How to start get kids thinking about own motivation? (meta-motivation)
-Regulation of motivation, exploration of identity
-regulate emotions to shift goals

-Safe environments needed so people will engage in things they may not want to or tasks they are reluctant to try
-People need to know voice will be heard and that it will be important

Ricarose Roque

Motivation in Scratch Community
-people came together unprompted to form companies, collabs, etc.
-this process is organic and when prompted by challenges participation actually goes down
-competition leads to motivation for some, but turns many off

Welcoming Committee on Scratch
-emphasize community and roles in community
-find your role, how you can fit into the community?

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